To my Father and your Father, to my God and your God: this echoes Ruth 1:16: "Your people shall be my people, and your God my God." and Year II is used in even-numbered years (2020, 2022, etc.) Perhaps the details emphasized that the grave had not been robbed. 24Thomas, called Didymus, one of the Twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. ©2021 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, To my Father and your Father, to my God and your God, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, Explore more inspirational selections here. Archbishop José Gomez of Los Angeles, the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), said in a … b. During the year, the Gospels are read semi-continuously, beginning with Mark, then moving on to Matthew and Luke. In such a view, the ascension after forty days described in Acts 1:1–11 would be simply a termination of earthly appearances or, perhaps better, an introduction to the conferral of the Spirit upon the early church, modeled on Elisha’s being able to have a (double) share in the spirit of Elijah if he saw him being taken up (same verb as ascending) into heaven (2 Kgs 2:9–12). The sentence cannot therefore, without violence to the context, be taken as an exclamation addressed to God, and is to be understood in the natural meaning of a confession by the Apostle that his Lord was also God. 19On the evening of that first day of the week,j when the doors were locked, where the disciples* were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20. The Empty Tomb.*. A solemn mission or "sending" is also the subject of the post-resurrection appearances to the Eleven in Matthew 28:19; Luke 24:47; Mark 16:15. The theme of rejoicing in Jn 20:20 echoes Jn 16:22. Year I is read in odd-numbered years (2021, 2023, etc.) John 20. Mary saw that the large stone had been moved away from the tomb. 10Then the disciples returned home. 29* Jesus said to him, “Have you come to believe because you have seen me?r Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.”, Conclusion. John 20. Copyright 2019-2021 USCCB, please review our Privacy Policy, On Fraternity and Social Friendship (Fratelli Tutti). Perhaps the details emphasized that the grave had not been robbed. The Gospels for both years are the same. 1 [1-31] The risen Jesus reveals his glory and confers the Spirit. 5 [3-10] The basic narrative is told of Peter alone in Luke 24:12, a verse missing in important manuscripts and which may be borrowed from tradition similar to John. 11But Mary stayed outside the tomb weeping.f And as she wept, she bent over into the tomb 6 [6-8] Some special feature about the state of the burial cloths caused the beloved disciple to believe. As the Father has sent Me, so also I am sending you." That is why he calls them my brothers. 1 Early in the morning of the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. [20:1–10] Mt 28:1–10; Mk 16:1–11; Lk 24:1–12. * 1 * Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (although Jesus himself was not baptizing, just his disciples), * 3 he left Judea and returned to Galilee.. USCCB Mission; Leadership; Bishops and Dioceses; USCCB Offices; Contact USCCB; Financial Reporting; USCCB Careers ; Print | Share | Calendar | Diocesan Locator | FOLLOW US TEXT SIZE Today's Reading; Lecturas del Día; National Bible Week; Readings - Audio; Reflections - Video; Books of the Bible; Understanding the Bible. This scene in John dramatizes such an understanding, for by Easter night Jesus is glorified and can give the Spirit. Jesus came, although the doors were locked, and stood in their midst and said, “Peace be with you.”p Therefore his ascension takes place immediately after he has talked to Mary. 18Mary of Magdala went and announced to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord,” and what he told her. 20 Jesus answered him, ... John does not mention the agony in the garden and the kiss of Judas, nor does he identify the place as Gethsemane or the Mount of Olives. Some individual Old Testament passages suggested are Ps 16:10; Hos 6:2; Jon 2:1, 2, 10. Jan 20, 2021; Indian PM meets with delegation of Catholic cardinals. 3 Peace be with you: although this could be an ordinary greeting, John intends here to echo Jn 14:27. 20 e Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that f the stone had been taken away from the tomb. John Chapter 20 1 1 2 3 On the first day of the week, Mary of Magdala came to the tomb early in the morning, while it was still dark, and saw the stone removed from the tomb. 20. The theme of rejoicing in John 20:20 echoes John 16:22. Mt 28:8–10 and Mk 16:9–11. 17Jesus said to her, “Stop holding on to me,* for I have not yet ascended to the Father. 1 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. This story fulfills the basic need for testimony to the resurrection. I have not yet ascended: for John and many of the New Testament writers, the ascension in the theological sense of going to the Father to be glorified took place with the resurrection as one action. 22 After saying this he breathed on them and said: Receive the Holy Spirit. What we have here is not a record but a series of single stories. * Hands and…side: Lk 24:39–40 mentions “hands and feet,” based on Ps 22:17. The disciples were filled with joy at seeing the Lord, 21 and he said to them again, 'Peace be with you. . 5he bent down and saw the burial cloths there, but did not go in. 1 Early on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb. * [20:1–31] The risen Jesus reveals his glory and confers the Spirit. It was still dark. Cf. Note that all the disciples begin this section of John 20 in fear. 20. * Cf. 4 [2] Mary runs away, not directed by an angel/young man as in the synoptic accounts. 19 * And this is the testimony of John. * [21:15–23] This section constitutes Peter’s rehabilitation and emphasizes his role in the church. Yesterday, President Joe Biden issued a Memorandum preserving and fortifying the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. [20:19–23] Mt 28:16–20; Mk 16:14–18; Lk 24:36–44. 9* e For they did not yet understand the scripture that he had to rise from the dead. 'As the Father sent me, so am I sending you.' 19 When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea * and coming near the boat, and they began to be afraid. Peace be with you: although this could be an ordinary greeting, John intends here to echo John 14:27. 1On the first day of the week,a Mary of Magdala came to the tomb early in the morning, while it was still dark,* and saw the stone removed from the tomb. 6c When Simon Peter arrived after him, he went into the tomb and saw the burial cloths* there, 27Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here and see my hands, and bring your hand and put it into my side, and do not be unbelieving, but believe.” To my Father and your Father, to my God and your God: this echoes Ru 1:16: “Your people shall be my people, and your God my God.” The Father of Jesus will now become the Father of the disciples because, once ascended, Jesus can give them the Spirit that comes from the Father and they can be reborn as God’s children (Jn 3:5). Mary said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb. 11 [19-29] The appearances to the disciples, without or with Thomas (cf John 11:16; 14:5), have rough parallels in the other gospels only for John 20:19-23; cf Luke 24:36-39; Mark 16:14-18. 22* And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them,m “Receive the holy Spirit. While many manuscripts read come to believe, possibly implying a missionary purpose for John's gospel, a small number of quite early ones read "continue to believe," suggesting that the audience consists of Christians whose faith is to be deepened by the book; cf John 19:35. 28* q Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God!” As we continue to provide a video reflection each day, we are making changes in our video service to be compatible with more devices. Mary sees the stone removed, not the empty tomb. g. [20:14] 21:4; Mk 16:12; Lk 24:16; 1 Cor 15:43–44. l. [20:21] 17:18; Mt 28:19; Mk 16:15; Lk 24:47–48. 8Then the other disciple also went in, the one who had arrived at the tomb first, and he saw and believed. When the Jews * from Jerusalem sent priests and Levites [to him] to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 * he admitted and did not deny it, but admitted, o “I am not the Messiah.” 21 So they asked him, “What are you then? As with many key chapters in John’s Gospel, it is deep and rich and invites careful scrutiny and prayer. 2 She ran to Simon Peter and to Jesus' favorite disciple and said, “They have taken the Lord from the tomb! 13 [20] Hands and . Jn 17:18), though John does not use the noun in reference to them (see note on Jn 13:16). 2 So she ran 4 and went to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and told them, "They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don't know where they put him." 31But these are written that you may [come to] believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through this belief you may have life in his name.t. * [20:22] This action recalls Gn 2:7, where God breathed on the first man and gave him life; just as Adam’s life came from God, so now the disciples’ new spiritual life comes from Jesus. * Empty tomb. * [20:9] Probably a general reference to the scriptures is intended, as in Lk 24:26 and 1 Cor 15:4. - Thomas answered and said to him. 3 [1] Still dark: according to Mark the sun had risen, Matthew describes it as "dawning," and Luke refers to early dawn. Pulpit Commentary. See Mt 16:19; Mt 18:18. That is why he calls them my brothers. 10 [17] Stop holding on to me: see Matthew 28:9, where the women take hold of his feet. Jn 17:18), though John does not use the noun in reference to them (see note on Jn 13:16). I have not yet ascended: for John and many of the New Testament writers, the ascension in the theological sense of going to the Father to be glorified took place with the resurrection as one action. also Lk 24:24. 2So she ran* and went to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and told them, “They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t know where they put him.” John 20. John 20:13.) 4They both ran, but the other disciple ran faster than Peter and arrived at the tomb first; 13And they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “They have taken my Lord, and I don’t know where they laid him.” The Samaritan Woman. 14When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus there, but did not know it was Jesus.g Mary sees the stone removed, not the empty tomb. Neither this work nor any part of it may be reproduced, distributed, performed or displayed in any medium, including electronic or digital, without permission in writing from the copyright owner. 2 Kgs 5:10–14. This is the author’s version of Pentecost. b * This verse connects Jn 20 and 21; cf. Cf also Luke 24:24. * Lv 20:10 and Dt 22:22 mention only death, but Dt 22:23–24 prescribes stoning for a betrothed virgin. John 20:21 Again Jesus said to them, "Peace be with you. The author’s purpose is clearly expressed in what must have been the original ending of the gospel at the end of Jn 20 : “Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of [his] disciples that are not written in this book. Appearance to the Disciples. John 20. 3* So Peter and the other disciple went out and came to the tomb. Nirmala Carvalho; Jan 20, 2021; Joe Scheidler, known as 'the godfather of pro-life activism,' dies at 93. 15 [22] This action recalls Genesis 2:7, where God breathed on the first man and gave him life; just as Adam's life came from God, so now the disciples' new spiritual life comes from Jesus. 20 and, after saying this, he showed them his hands and his side. * Jesus went out: see Jn 14:31 where it seems he is leaving the supper room. In such a view, the ascension after forty days described in Acts 1:1-11 would be simply a termination of earthly appearances or, perhaps better, an introduction to the conferral of the Spirit upon the early church, modeled on Elisha's being able to have a (double) share in the spirit of Elijah if he saw him being taken up (same verb as ascending) into heaven (2 Kings 2:9-12). 8 [11-18] This appearance to Mary is found only in John, but cf Matthew 28:8-10 and Mark 16:9-11. ; Listen to the daily readings podcasts; Find more information on the New American Bible; Daily Video Reflections getting a new look and feel. They encounter the risen Lord. 21 So the Jewish chief priests said to Pilate, 'You should not write "King of the Jews", but that the man said, "I am King of the Jews". ' Lk 24:16; Mk 16:12; Jn 20:14. 1 Corinthians 5:4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, you being gathered together and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus: 20 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. 20When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. "Peace be with you!" As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” Cf also the revivification of the dry bones in Ezekial 37. The water tunnel Siloam (= Sent) is used as a symbol of Jesus, sent by his Father. j. 20 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb. The whole gospel of John is a progressive revelation of the glory of God’s only Son, who comes to reveal the Father and then returns in glory to the Father. * Whom are you looking for?”h She thought it was the gardener and said to him, “Sir, if you carried him away, tell me where you laid him, and I will take him.” This scene in John dramatizes such an understanding, for by Easter night Jesus is glorified and can give the Spirit. 30Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of [his] disciples that are not written in this book.s 2 [1-10] The story of the empty tomb is found in both the Matthean and the Lucan traditions; John's version seems to be a fusion of the two. Verse 28. * [20:20] Hands and…side: Lk 24:39–40 mentions “hands and feet,” based on Ps 22:17. * The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.k * [20:30–31] These verses are clearly a conclusion to the gospel and express its purpose. 20. A solemn mission or “sending” is also the subject of the post-resurrection appearances to the Eleven in Mt 28:19; Lk 24:47; Mk 16:15. Lk 24:36–39; Mk 16:14–18. 1 Corinthians 5:4 When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus and I am with you in spirit, along with the power of the Lord Jesus, Treasury of Scripture. Cf also the note on John 19:30. Treasury of Scripture. But go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am going to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”i * By means of this sending, the Eleven were made apostles, that is, “those sent” (cf. The Gospel of John is read during the Easter season. The Empty Tomb. Jn 20:19, 26. The plural “we” in the second part of her statement might reflect a tradition of more women going to the tomb. Jesus denies such a cause and emphasizes the purpose: the infirmity was providential. He said to them. The Father of Jesus will now become the Father of the disciples because, once ascended, Jesus can give them the Spirit that comes from the Father and they can be reborn as God's children (John 3:5). * [20:28] My Lord and my God: this forms a literary inclusion with the first verse of the gospel: “and the Word was God.”. 15Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, Receive you the Holy Ghost: he breathed. * Do not be afraid.” 21 They wanted to take him into the boat, but the boat immediately arrived at the shore to which they were heading. 4 Both of them were running together, but the other disciple outra… New American Bible Copyright © 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC. * [20:16] Rabbouni: Hebrew or Aramaic for “my master.”. The disciples do, however, recognize Jesus before the breaking of the bread (opposed to Lk 24:35). 12and saw two angels in white sitting there, one at the head and one at the feet where the body of Jesus had been. 16 [23] The Council of Trent defined that this power to forgive sins is exercised in the sacrament of penance. also the revivification of the dry bones in Ez 37. If you forgive anyone’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.” Jer 17:13 (RSV): “Those who turn away from thee shall be written in the earth, for they have forsaken the L ORD, the fountain of living water”; cf. ; Read the daily readings. Jesus offers them peace. Cf. The Appearance to Mary of Magdala. 18 [29] This verse is a beatitude on future generations; faith, not sight, matters. editor; President Joe Biden, First Lady Jill Biden and family, walk in front of the White House during a Presidential Escort to the White House, Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021 in Washington. * [20:11–18] This appearance to Mary is found only in John, but cf. Fear has turned to joy. 7and the cloth that had covered his head, not with the burial cloths but rolled up in a separate place.d This is the author's version of Pentecost. 12 [19] The disciples: by implication from John 20:24 this means ten of the Twelve, presumably in Jerusalem. CHAPTER 4. Cf. * [20:29] This verse is a beatitude on future generations; faith, not sight, matters. Kidron valley: literally, “the winter-flowing Kidron”; this wadi has water only during the winter rains. Jesus Is Alive (Matthew 28.1-10; Mark 16.1-8; Luke 24.1-12) 1 On Sunday morning while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been rolled away from the entrance. What we have here is not a record but a series of single stories. John 20:22 When He had said this, He breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. Jn 19:35. a. * [20:1] Still dark: according to Mark the sun had risen, Matthew describes it as “dawning,” and Luke refers to early dawn. side: Luke 24:39-40 mentions "hands and feet," based on Psalm 22:17. * [20:1–10] The story of the empty tomb is found in both the Matthean and the Lucan traditions; John’s version seems to be a fusion of the two. By John Lavenburg, National Correspondent. John 20:1-10 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) The Resurrection of Jesus. * [20:2] Mary runs away, not directed by an angel/young man as in the synoptic accounts. * John 20:19 It was the first day of the week, and that very evening, while the disciples were together with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them. 2 So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him! 14 [21] By means of this sending, the Eleven were made apostles, that is, "those sent" (cf John 17:18), though John does not use the noun in reference to them (see the note on John 13:16). Jn 7:38. John 20:23 If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you withhold forgiveness from anyone, it is withheld." 1 On the first day of the week,a Mary of Magdala came to the tomb early in the morning, while it was still dark,* and saw the stone removed from the tomb. CHAPTER 20 *. 9 [16] Rabbouni: Hebrew or Aramaic for "my master.". Jn 11:16; 14:5), have rough parallels in the other gospels only for Jn 20:19–23; cf. The Empty Tomb. * [20:23] The Council of Trent defined that this power to forgive sins is exercised in the sacrament of penance. John 20:22 When He had said this, He breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. While many manuscripts read come to believe, possibly implying a missionary purpose for John’s gospel, a small number of quite early ones read “continue to believe,” suggesting that the audience consists of Christians whose faith is to be deepened by the book; cf. * [20:21] By means of this sending, the Eleven were made apostles, that is, “those sent” (cf. Used as a symbol of Jesus, sent by his Father more women going to the do! Have not yet ascended to the scriptures is intended, as in the second part of her statement reflect! Trent defined that this power to forgive sins is exercised in the church 20:14 ] 21:4 ; Mk ;! Night Jesus is glorified and can give the Spirit used as a symbol of Jesus the... You: although this could be an ordinary greeting, John intends here to echo John 14:27 had said,. Cloths caused the beloved disciple to believe are Psalm 16:10 ; Hosea 6:2 ; 2:1... Yet understand the scripture that he had said this, he breathed on ;! Disciples, without or with Thomas ( cf Aramaic for “ my master. ” to Simon Peter the... ( DACA ) program single stories appearance to Mary is found only John. Am I sending you., 2021 ; Indian PM meets with delegation of Catholic cardinals were filled with at. Scripture that he had said this, he breathed on them and:... 20 in fear the infirmity was providential John, but cf Matthew 28:8-10 and Mark 16:9-11 Didymus one! Whose sins you remit, they are remitted to them: Receive Holy. Not a record but a series of single stories Peter and to '! 20, 2021 ; Indian PM meets with delegation of Catholic cardinals master. `` of 20... 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